How to Setup a Wireless Network

Pre-requisites: You will need a working Broadband Connection; Wireless Router;  Computers with Wireless Network Adapters; and other wireless network devices such as Smart Phones, iPad, wireless printer, Gaming Console (eg…PS3, Xbox), Smart TV, Roku Box, etc.

In this Tutorial,  we will use a Linksys Router. The procedure may vary depending on the Model of your Linskys Router but it will be similar. Other routers such as D-Link, Belkin, Netgear, etc. will have similar features. Installation CD is not required in this process, this is a manual process.

List of Default Router’s IP and Admin Passwords:
http://www.answersthatwork.com/Download_Area/ATW_Library/Networking/Network__4-List_of_default_Router_Admin_Passwords_and_IP_addresses.pdf

Connect a patch network cable between the Modem output port and the Router’s WAN or Internet Port.  Connect a patch network cable (also called an Ethernet cable ) from one of the router’s LAN or Ethernet Ports to each device that will use a wired connection. Keep an eye on the Modem and Router’s lights until they are stabilized. You may need to do a Power Cycle just in case you can’t access the Router’s IP Address.
Note:  Crossover network cable is not required if your router supports Auto-negotiation.

While your computer is connected to the router, open up a browser (IE, Chrome, Firefox) and type http://192.168.1.1, this will prompt you for a User Name and Password, The default User Name (for most of the Linksys Routers) is admin, default Password is admin. It is advisable to change the User Name and Password for security purpose.

In the Basic Setup page, verify that DHCP is enabled and that there are at least 50 DHCP Users.

In the Administration Tab you may change the Router’s password (do not use the default password for security reason).

In the Wireless Tab, then Basic Wireless Settings, change the SSID or wireless network, make sure not use your Router’s Name.

In the Wireless Security Tab, you may setup your wireless network encryption.  It is recommended to use WPA2, then type in the Shared key (also known as security/ encryption key or pass-phrase) of your choice and make a note of it because you will apply the same Shared key on all your wireless devices that need to be connected to this router. If, for some reason that other wireless devices can’t connect to your router, you may change the wireless security in Security Mode, try not to use WEP because this is not secured at all.

I prefer to manually setup the Security Mode. Although, you may choose to use the Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) to automatically set up your wireless security.

Other options that you may configure later on: Application Rules, Port-forwarding, Firewall Setting, Quality of Service (QoS) etc…..and all of these can be found in the Advanced Setting tab.

Now save all the settings.  In the WAN page of your router verify that you can see your ISP’s Public IP information and all of the settings that you have made. Once everything is verified, you have just completed configuring your router.

Your next task: Connecting all your wireless computers and devices to your wireless router. Ensure that you have the SSID and pass-phrase ready.

Log on to your Windows  7 and/or Vista wireless computers andclick on the network icon or  in the notification area. Choose your own SSID or wireless network name (SSID must be broadcasting)  that appears on the connections available.

Log on to your Windows XP wireless computers and connect to your SSID.  As you can see in this image the wireless network connection properties is different than Windows 7 and Vista.
 Click Connect to your SSID and it should prompt you for the Security key, make sure to correctly type it in. You should now see that your computer is connected to your wireless network.

Now that you have a wireless home network setup, it is recommended that all computers have Firewall enabled. The Windows built-in Firewall is a good protection. Anti-Virus and Anti-Spyware/Anti-Malware Software must be installed as well.

Also, if you’re having a minor networking issue such as disconnection after all of the above configurations, a Power Cycle might help. If, for some reason your wireless connection doesn’t work, depending on your ISP, you might need to enable Mac Cloning. This option is visible in your router setting.

Note: Don’t forget to connect the rest of your wireless devices such as Smart Phones (IPhone, Blackberry and Android) wireless NAS, wireless Printers and gaming consoles to your wireless network.

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How to Setup a D-Link Router

In this Tutorial we will be using a D-Link DIR 655 wireless router connected to a Charter Communications Cable Modem. We will not be using the D-Link installation CD but will manually configure your router.

To begin, connect a patch network cable between the Modem’s port and the Router’s WAN or Internet Port. Connect a patch network cable from one of the router’s LAN or Ethernet Ports to each device that will use a wired connection. Keep an eye on the Modem and Router’s lights until they are stabilized.

From a computer wired directly to the router, open up your favorite browser and type in http://192.168.0.1. Type the Default User Name of admin and the Password is blank.

Note: You may have to do a Power Cycle in case that you can’t access the router’s configuration page.

In the Tools Tab, change the Admin Password right away for security reason, do not use the default D-Link Admin Password.


In the Setup Tab you may either select the Internet Connection Setup Wizard or Manual Internet Connection.

In this Tutorial we will select the Manual Internet Connection option. In the Internet Connection Type we will use Dynamic IP (DHCP).

To configure the Wireless Security – Click on the Setup Tab, then Wireless Settings Tab. In here, you may choose to manually setup your wireless network or use the a Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS). Let’s choose the Manual Wireless Connection Setup.


Click on the Manual Wireless Network Setup, type your SSID (wireless network name) make sure that you do not use your router’s name (default SSID). You may leave the Mode to the default which is the Mixed Mode. You may change this later on if you’re having any wireless issues. Save the setting after the changes.

In the Wireless Security Mode, it is recommended to use WPA2. If some of your wireless devices don’t support this mode, feel free to change it but please do not use a WEP Security (not unless some of your wireless devices won’t connect to WPA2) bec. it is equivalent to a No Security. We will choose WPA2 TKIP and AES and type in a complex password but easy for you to remember. Save the setting after the changes.

Take advantage of the great features in your D-Link router such as Quality of Service (QoS), Port forwarding and Guest Zone. The Guest Zone is one of the nice feature of D-Link DIR 655 and not all routers have this type of option. If you enable this feature, you may create a separate SSID (or wireless network) other than your own SSID for Guests use only and have them connect to a separate SSID and isolate your Guests from your own wireless network for security reason.

To setup Port Forwarding, go to Advanced Tab, then Port Forwarding Tab. Make sure that you have all the Port Numbers handy for the Applications that you need to be port forwarded. Add the Application Name, TCP & UDP Ports Numbers and Schedule. Save the setting after the changes.

Optional:

Mac Cloning – You will need to enable Mac Cloning from Dynamic IP (DHCP) Internet Type section and click on Clone your PCs MAC Address if your ISP didn’t provide you with your IP information. If you are not sure about this you may contact your ISP.

You don’t have to do anything at this point if it’s not needed.

We have just concluded setting up a D-Link DIR 655 Router. Feel free to take advantage of the Support Menu just in case that you have any concerns regarding your router setting. It is located in the Support Tab. There are a few helpful information that you may utilize.

Finally, you may now connect all your wireless computers and devices (smart phones, printer, gaming console, etc.). Make sure to type in the correct pass-phrase to ensure a successful wireless connectivity. If you encounter any disconnection issues on your wired and wireless network devices, you may do a Power Cycle.